Important scientists

 

W

 Johannes Van der Waals

     see under Van der Waals
 Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857 - 1040)  physician  mental disease, pyrotherapy

 Selman Waksman

(1888 - 1973)  biochemist  discovered streptomycin and antibiotics
 George Wald (1906 - 1997)  physiologist  vision, retinal pigments, rhodopsin (with Granit, Hartline)
 John Walker (1941 - )  biochemist  ATP synthesis (with Boyer)

 Alfred Wallace

(1823 - 1913)  naturalist  independent theory of evolution (see Darwin)
 Otto Wallach (1847 - 1931)  chemist  alicyclic compounds
 Ernest Walton (1903 - 1995)  physicist  nuclear fission, particle accelerator (with Cockcroft)

 Felix Wankel

(1902 - 1988)  engineer  inventor of rotary combustion engine
 Otto Warburg (1883 - 1970)  biochemist  Warburg hypothesis, cell respiration, nicotinamide, cancer cells
 Robin Warren (1937 - )  pathologist  stomach (peptic) ulcer bacterium Helicobacter pylori

 James Watson

(1928 - )  biochemist  co-discoverer of DNA structure (see Crick, Franklin, Wilkins)
 John Watson (1878 - 1958)  psychologist  behaviorism, Little Albert experiment

 James Watt

(1736 - 1819)  engineer  steam engine

 Robert Watt

(1892 - 1973)  inventor  practical radar system

 Alfred Wegener

(1880 - 1930)  meteorologist  theory of continental drift
 Steven Weinberg (1933 - )  physicist  unification of weak force and electromagnetism (with Glashow, Salam)
 Norbert Weiner (1894 - 1964)  mathematician  cybernetics, feedback mechanism
 Thomas Weller (1915 - 2008)  virologist  culturing polio virus (with Enders, Robbins)
 Alfred Werner (1866 - 1919)  chemist  transition metal complexes, octahedral geometry

 Charles Wheatstone

(1802 - 1875)  inventor  co-inventor of telegraph system (see also Morse)
 George Whipple (1878 - 1976)  physician  liver therapy, anemia (with Minot, Murphy)

 Frank Whittle

(1907 - 1996)  engineer  inventor of jet engine

 Joseph Whitworth

(1803 - 1887)  engineer  screw threads, rifle
 Heinrich Wieland (1877 - 1957)  chemist  bile acids
 Carl Wieman (1951 - )  physicist  Bose-Einstein condensate (with Cornell, Ketterle)
 Wilhelm Wien (1864 - 1928)  physicist  heat energy, blackbody radiation
 Eric Wieschaus (1947 - )  geneticist  Drosophila, bithorax complex, complementation, embryo development (with Lewis, Nsslein-Volhard)
 Torsten Wiesel (1924 - )  physiologist  visual system, ocular dominance (with Hubel)
 Eugene Wigner (1902 - 1995)  physicist  atomic nucleus, mathematical theorems, elementary particles
 Franck Wilczek (1951 - )  physicist  asymptotic freedom, gauge theory, quantum chromodynamics (with Gross, Politzer)

 Maurice Wilkins

(1916 - 2004)  physicist  X-ray diffraction, DNA structure (see also Crick, Watson, Franklin)
 Geoffrey Wilkinson (1921 - 1996)  chemist  organometallic chemistry (with Fischer), transition metal catalysis
 Richard Willsttter (1872 - 1942)  chemist  plant pigments, chlorophyll
 Charles Wilson (1869 - 1959)  physicist  cloud chamber (with Compton)
 Kenneth Wilson (1936 - )  physicist  renormalization group
 Robert Wilson (1936 - )  astronomer  cosmic microwave background radiation (with Penzias)
 Adolf Windaus (1876 - 1959)  chemist  sterols, vitamin D
 Georg Wittig (1897 - 1987)  chemist  ylides, alkene synthesis (with Brown), Wittig reaction
 Carl Woese (1928 - )  microbiologist  identified Archaea kingdom
 Friedrich Whler (1800 - 1882)  chemist  urea; first organic synthesis
 Norman Woodland (1921 - )  engineer  barcode
 Robert Woodward (1917 - 1979)  chemist  organic synthesis, ferrocene, cephalosporin, Woodward-Hoffmann rules (with Hoffmann)

 Wilbur Wright

(1867 - 1912)  engineer  first controlled motorised aircraft flight (with brother Orville)

 Wilhelm Wundt

(1932 - 1920)  physician  father of experimental psychology
 Kurt Wthrich (1938 - )  chemist  NMR spectroscopy