Important scientists

 

T

 Henry Talbot

(1800 - 1877)  inventor  inventor of calotype photography process
 Igor Tamm (1895 - 1971)  physicist  Cherenkov radiation (with Cherenkov, Frank)
 Koichi Tanaka (1959 - )  chemist  mass spectrometry of biomacromolecules
 Terence Tao (1975 -m )  mathematician  arithmetic progressions, prime numbers, number theory  (with Green)
 Edward Tatum (1909 - 1975)  geneticist  function of genes in metabolism (with Beadle)
 Henry Taube (1915 - 2005)  chemist  electron transfer, metal complexes
 Joseph Taylor (1941 - )  astrophysicist  pulsar, gravitational waves (with Hulse)
 Richard Taylor (1929 - )  physicist  protons, quarks, quark model (with Friedman, Kendall)

 Edward Teller

(1908 - 2003)  physicist  father of hydrogen bomb
 Howard Temin (1934 - 1994)  geneticist  reverse transcriptase (with Baltimore, Dulbecco)

 Nicola Tesla

(1856 - 1943)  electrical engineer  electromagnetism, induction motor
 Max Theiler (1899 - 1972)  virologist  yellow fever vaccine
 Hugo Theorell (1903 - 1982)  physician  enzymes, oxidase
 Ren Thom (1923 - 2002)  mathematician  topology, catastrophe theory
 Donnall Thomas (1920 - )  physician  organ transplantation (with Murray)
 George Thomson (1892 - 1975)  physicist  electron diffraction (with Davisson)

 Joseph Thomson

(1856 - 1940)  physicist  discovered electron and isotopes; invented mass spectrometer

 Benjamin Thompson

(1753 - 1814)  physicist  heat energy, father of thermodynamics
 Nikolaas Tinbergen (1907 - 1988)  ethologist  social behavior patterns, ethology (with von Fisch, Lorenz)
 Samuel Ting (1936 - )  physicist  J/ψ meson, sub-atomic particles (with Richter)
 Arne Tiselius (1902 - 1971)  biochemist  electrophoresis of proteins
 Alexander Todd (1907 - 1997)  biochemist  structure/synthesis of nucleotides, nucleosides, coenzymes
 Shin-Itiro Tomonaga (1906 - 1979)  physicist  quantum mechanics (with Feynman, Schwinger)
 Susumu Tonegawa (1939 - )  geneticist  immunogenetics, antibody diversity

 Evangelista Torricelli

(1608 - 1647)  physicist  inventor of mercury barometer

 Charles Townes

(1915 - )  physicist  first usable maser (with Basov, Prokhorov), interferometry
 Roger Tsien (1952 - )  biochemist  green fluorescent protein (with Chalfie, Shimomura)
 Daniel Tsui (1939 - )  physicist  fractional quantum Hall effect (with Laughlin, Strmer)

 Alan Turing

(1912 - 1954)  mathematician  development of computer