Important scientists

 

S

 Paul Sabatier

(1864 - 1941)

 chemist  Sabatier process, Sabatier principle of catalysis (with Grignard)

 Edward Sabine

(1778 - 1883)  astronomer  Earth's magnetic field, sunspots, uses of seconds pendulum

 Wallace Sabine

(1868 - 1919)  architect  inventor of architectural acoustics
 Bert Sakmann (1942 - )  physiologist  patch-clamp technique (with Neher)
 Abdus Salam (1926 - 1996)  physicist  electroweak interactions (with Glashow, Weinberg)

 Jonas Salk

(1914 - 1995)  virologist  developed first polio vaccine
 Bengt Samuelsson (1934 - )  biochemist  prostaglandins (with Bergstrom, Vane)

 Frederick Sanger

(1918 - )  biochemist  insulin, nucleic acid sequence (with Berg, Gilbert)
 Andrew Schally (1926 - )  biochemist  neurohormones, TRH, GnRH (with Guillemin)
 Arthur Schawlow (1921 - 1999)  physicist  laser spectroscopy (with Bloembergen, Siegbahn)

 Carl Scheele

(1742 - 1786)  chemist  discovered oxygen (see also Priestley); Mo, W, Ba, Cl
 Robert Schrieffer (1931 - )  physicist  BCS theory, superconductivity (with Bardeen, Cooper)
 Richard Schrock (1945 - )  chemist  olefin metathesis (with Chauvin, Grubbs)

 Erwin Schrödinger

(1867 - 1961)  theoretical physicist  quantum mechanics, Schrödinger equation
 Bernard Schutz (?)  physicist  gravitational waves
 Melvin Schwartz (1932 - 2006)  physicist  neutrinos, leptons, muons (with Lederman, Steinberger)
 Julian Schwinger (1918 - 1994)  physicist  quantum mechanics (with Feynman, Tomonaga)
 Glenn Seaborg (1912 - 1999)  chemist  transuranium elements (with McMillan)

 Thomas Seebeck

(1770 - 1831)  physicist  discovered thermoelectric effect
 Emilio Segré (1905 - 1989)  physicist  antiprotons, sub-atomic particles, antiparticle (with Chamberlain)
 Nikolay Semyonov (1896 - 1986)  chemist  chemical reaction, reaction mechanism (with Hinshelwood)

 Aloys Senefelder

(1771 - 1834)  actor  inventor of lithography (printing)
 Claude Shannon (1916 - 2001)  mathematician  information theory
 Phillip Sharp (1944 - )  geneticist  introns, gene splicing (with Roberts)
 Karl Sharpless (1941 - )  chemist  asymmetric synthesis, epoxidation, dihydroxylation, oxyamination

 Charles Sherrington

(1857 - 1952)  neurophysiologist  Sherrington's Laws of neurophysiology (with Adrian)
 Osmau Shimomura (1928 - )  chemist  green fluorescent protein (with Chalfie, Tsien)
 Hideki Shirakawa (1936 - )  chemist  conductive polymers (with Heeger, MacDiarmid)

 William Shockley

(1910 - 1989)  physicist  inventor of transistor (with Bardeen, Brattain)

 Christopher Sholes

(1819 - 1890)  inventor  practical typewriter and QWERTY keyboard
 Clifford Shull (1915 - 2001)  physicist  neutron scattering, condensed matter (with Brockhouse)
 Kai Siegbahn (1918 - 2007)  physicist  X- ray photoelectron spectroscopy, laser spectroscopy (with Bloembergen, Schawlow)
 Manne Siegbahn (1886 - 1978)  physicist  X-ray spectroscopy, Siegbahn notation

 Carl Siemens

(1823 - 1883)  engineer  inventor of open-hearth steel refinement process

 Igor Sikorsky

(1889 - 1972)  inventor  inventor of helicopter
 Jens Skou (1918 - )  biochemist  Na/K-ATPase
 Richard Smalley (1943 - 2005)  chemist  fullerene (with Curl, Kroto)
 George Smith (1930 - )  physicist  CCD sensor (with Boyle)
 Hamilton Smith (1931 - )  microbiologist  restriction endonucleases (with Arber, Nathans)
 Michael Smith (1932 - 2000)  biochemist  genetic engineering, site-directed mutagenesis
 Oliver Smithies (1925 - )  geneticist  homologous recombination, gene targeting, knockout mice (with Capecchi, Evans)
 George Smoot (1945 - )  astrophysicist  CMB radiation, black body, anisotropy (with Mather)
 George Snell (1903 - 1996)  immunologist  major histocompatibility complex (with Benacerraf, Dausset)

 Frederick Soddy

(1877 - 1956)  physicist  nuclear reactions and isotopes (with Rutherford)
 Hans Spemann (1869 - 1941)  embryologist  embryonic induction
 Roger Sperry (1913 - 1994)  neuropsychologist  split-brain studies
 Wendell Stanley (1904 - 1971)  biochemist  protein crystallization (with Northrop, Sumner)
 Johannes Stark (1874 - 1957)  physicist  Stark effect, Doppler effect on alpha (canal) rays
 Hermann Staudinger (1881 - 1965)  chemist  polymer chemistry, ketenes, Staudinger reaction
 William Stein (1911 - 1980)  biochemist  ribonuclease (with Anfinsen, Moore)
 Jack Steinberger (1921 - )  physicist  neutrinos, leptons, muons (with Lederman, Schwartz)
 Thomas Steitz (1940 - )  biochemist  ribosome (with Ramakrishnan, Yonath)

 George Stephenson

(1781 - 1848)  engineer  father of railways, Rocket steam locomotive
 Otto Stern (1888 - 1969)  physicist  quantum mechanics, Stern-Gerlach experiment (with Gerlach)

 Nettie Stevens

(1861 - 1912)  geneticist  chromosomal basis of gender

 George Stokes

(1819 - 1903)  mathematician/physicist  fluid dynamics (Stokes' equation) and physics (Stokes' theorem)
 Horst Störmer (1949 - )  physicist  fractional quantum Hall effect (with Laughlin, Tsui)
 John Strutt (1842 - 1919)  physicist  discovered noble gases (argon with Ramsay)
 John Sulston (1942 - )  biologist  Caenorhabditis elegans neural development (with Brenner, Horvitz)
 James Sumner (1887 - 1955)  biochemist  protein crystallization (with Northrop, Stanley)
 Earl Sutherland (1915 - 1974)  biochemist  hormone action, second messengers, cyclic AMP
 Struan Sutherland (1936 - 2002)  epidemiologist  snake bite, antivenom
 Akira Suzuki (1930 - )  chemist  Heck reaction, Pd-catalyzed coupling reactions (with Heck, Negishi)
 Theodor Svedberg (1884 - 1971)  chemist  ultracentrifugation, colloids, Svedberg unit
 Richard Synge (1914 - 1994)  biochemist  partition chromatography (with Martin)
 Albert Szent-Györgyi (1893 - 1986)  physiologist  vitamin C, citric acid cycle
 Jack Szostak (1952 - )  biologist  telomeres, telomerase (with Blackburn, Greider)