Important scientists

 

R

 Isidor Rabi (1898 - 1988)  physicist  discovered nuclear magnetic resonance
 James Rainwater (1917 - 1986)  physicist  atomic nucleus (with Bohr, Mottelson)
 Venkata Raman (1888 - 1970)  physicist  light scattering, Raman effect
 Venki Ramakrishnan (1952 - )  biologist  

(with Steitz, Yonath)

 William Ramsay

(1852 - 1916)  chemist  discovered noble (inert ) gases (argon with Strutt)
 Norman Ramsey (1915 - )  physicist  separated oscillatory field method*, atomic clocks
 Lord/Baron Rayleigh      see Strutt
 Tadeus Reichstein (1897 - 1996)  chemist  adrenal cortex hormones (with Hench, Kendall)
 Frederick Reines (1918 - 1998)  physicist  neutrino, neutrino experiment (with Cowan)
 Dickinson Richards (1895 - 1973)  physiologist  cardiac catheterization (with Cournand, Forssmann)
 Theodore Richards (1868 - 1928)  chemist  atomic weight determinations
 Owen Richardson (1879 - 1959)  physicist  thermionic emission, Richardson's Law
 Robert Richardson (1937 - )  physicist  superfluidity in helium-3 (with Lee, Osheroff)
 Charles Richet (1850 - 1935)  physiologist  anaphylaxis
 Burton Richter (1931 - )  physicist  J/ψ meson, sub-atomic particles (with Ting)

 Charles Richter

(1900 - 1985)  seismologist  created Richter scale for earthquakes (see Gutenberg)
 Frederick Robbins (1916 - 2003)  virologist  culturing polio virus (with Enders, Weller)
 Richard Roberts (1943 - )  biochemist  introns, gene splicing (with Sharp)
 Robert Robinson (1886 - 1975)  chemist  anthocyanins, alkaloids
 Martin Rodbell (1925 - 1998)  biochemist  G proteins, signal transduction (with Gilman)
 Heinrich Rohrer (1933 - )  physicist  scanning tunneling microscope (with Binnig)

 Wilhelm Rntgen

(1845 - 1923)  physicist  discovered X-rays
 Irwin Rose (1926 - )  biologist  ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation, proteasome (with Ciechanover, Hershko)
 Ronald Ross (1857 - 1932)  physician  malaria, Plasmodium parasite
 Francis Rous (1879 - 1970)  virologist  Rous sarcoma virus, cancer (with Huggins)
 Frank Rowland (1927 - )  chemist  atmospheric ozone depletion (with Crutzen, Molina)
 Carlo Rubbia (1934 - )  physicist  W and Z particles, bosons (with van der Meer)
 Ernst Ruska (1906 - 1988)  physicist  electron optics, electron microscope
 Daniel Rutherford (1749 - 1814)  chemist/physician  discovered nitrogen

 Ernest Rutherford

(1871 - 1937)  chemist/physicist  radioactive half-life (with Soddy)
 Leopold Ruička (1887 - 1976)  chemist  male sex hormones (see also Butenandt)
 Martin Ryle (1918 - 1984)  astronomer  radio telescope, aperture synthesis (with Hewish)
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