Important scientists

 

F

 Daniel Fahrenheit

(1686 - 1736)  physicist  Fahrenheit temperature scale

 Hugh Falconer

(1808 - 1865)  paleontologist  Siwalik fossil beds

 Michael Faraday

(1791 - 1867)  chemist/physicist  electricity, benzene
 John Fenn (1917 - )  chemist  electrospray ionization, mass spectrometry
 Frank Fenner (1914 - )  virologist  virology, smallpox, myxomatosis

 Enrico Fermi

(1901 - 1954)  physicist  nuclear reactor
 Albert Fert (1938 - )  physicist  giant magnetoresistance (with Grünberg)

 Richard Feynman

(1918 - 1988)  physicist  quantum mechanics (with Schwinger, Tomonaga)
 Niels Finsen (1860 - 1904)  physician  lupus vulgaris, photobiomodulation
 Andrew Fire (1959 - )  biochemist  RNA interference (with )
 Karl von Fisch (1886 - 1982)  ethologist  honey bee waggle dance, ethology (with Lorenz, Tinbergen)
 Edmond Fischer (1920 - )  biochemist  reverse protein phosphorylation (with Krebs)
 Ernst Fischer (1918 - 2007)  chemist  organometallic chemistry (with Wilkinson)
 Hans Fischer (1881 - 1945)  chemist  biological pigments, bilirubin, haemin

 Hermann Fischer

(1852 - 1919)  chemist  Fischer esterification

 Osmond Fisher

(1817 - 1914)  geologist  plate tectonics
 Val Fitch (1923 - )  physicist  kaons, CP violation, sub-atomic particles (with Cronin)

 Robert FitzRoy

(1805 - 1865)  meteorologist  weather forecasting

 Tim Flannery

(1956 - )  paleontologist  Australian fossils, environmental activist

 Alexander Fleming

(1881 - 1955)  biologist  discovered penicillin (but see Florey and Chain)

 John Fleming

(1849 - 1945)  physicist  inventor of vacuum tube diode
 Howard Florey (1898 - 1968)  pharmacologist  use of penicillin as medicine (see Fleming, Chain)
 Paul Flory (1910 - 1985)  chemist  polymers, macromolecules

 Henry Ford

(1863 - 1947)  engineer  automated car production systems (assembly line)
 Werner Forssmann (1904 - 1979)  physician  cardiac catheterization (with Cournand, Richards)

 Richard Fortey

(1946 - )  paleontologist  trilobites

 Jean Foucault

(1819 - 1868)  physicist  Foucault pendulum for Earth's rotation
 William Fowler (1911 - 1995)  astrophysicist  stellar evolution, stellar structure (with Chandrasekar)
 James Franck (1882 - 1964)  physicist  Bohr atom model, Franck-Hertz experiment (with Hertz)
 Ilya Frank (1908 - 1990)  physicist  Cherenkov radiation (with Cherenkov, Tamm)
 Edward Frankland (1825 - 1899)  chemist  valence theory, organometallic chemistry

 Benjamin Franklin

(1706 - 1790)  physicist  lightning rod

 Rosalind Franklin

(1920 - 1958)  physical chemist  DNA structure (see also Crick, Watson, Wilkins)

 Joseph Fraunhofer

(1787 - 1826)  optician  discovered spectral lines, father of spectroscopy
 Daan Frenkel  (1948 - )  computer physicist  computational physics (webpage)
 Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939)  psychoanalyst  unconscious mind, defence mechanism, psychoanalysis
 Jerome Friedman (1930 - )  physicist  protons, quarks, quark model (with Kendall, Taylor)

 Johann Fuhlrott

(1803 - 1877)  paleontologist  discovered Neanderthals
 Kenichi Fukui (1918 - 1998)  chemist  molecular orbitals, reaction mechanisms (with Hoffmann)

 Robert Fulton

(1765 - 1815)  engineer  inventor of steamboat
 Robert Furchgott (1916 - 2009)  biochemist  nitric oxide signalling, vasodilation (with Ignarro, Murad)