**Important scientists**

E

(1854 - 1932) | inventor | inventor of roll film for photography | |

John Eccles | (1903 - 1997) | neurophysiologist | synaptic transmission, neurotransmitters |

(1992 - 1944) | astrophysicist | relativity supporter | |

Gerald Edelman | (1929 - ) | biologist | immune system, antibody structure (with Porter) |

(1847 - 1931) | inventor | light bulb | |

Robert Edwards | (1925 - ) | biologist | in vitro fertilization |

(1854 - 1915) | bacteriologist | pioneer of chemotherapy (with Mechnikov) | |

Manfred Eigen | (1927 - ) | biophysicist | fast chemical reactions (with Norrish, Porter) |

(1858 - 1930) | biochemist | co-discoverer of vitamins (with Hopkins) | |

(1879 - 1955) | theoretical physicist | General and Special theories of relativity | |

(1860 - 1927) | physician | inventor of electrocardiograph | |

(1918 - 1999) | biochemist | developed many chemotherapeutic drugs (with Hitchings) | |

Gustav Embden | (1874 - 1933) | biochemist | glycolysis, Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway |

(490 - 430 BC) | philosopher | theory of 4 elements: earth, fire, air, water | |

John Enders | (1897 - 1985) | physician | culturing polio virus (with Robbins, Weller) |

(276 - 195 BC) | mathematician, etc. | invented geography | |

Joseph Erlanger | (1874 - 1965) | physiologist | nerve fibers |

Richard Ernst | (1933 - ) | chemist | NMR spectrocsopy, MRI, Fourier transform |

Gerhard Ertl | (1936 - ) | physicist | surface science, catalytic converter |

Leo Esaki | (1925 - ) | physicist | electron tunnelling (with Giaever, Josephson), Esaki diode |

(around 300 BC) | mathematician | father of geometry; Euclid's theorem | |

(1707 - 1783) | mathematician | mathematical analysis, fluid dynamics | |

Ulf von Euler | (1905 - 1983) | pharmacologist | neurotransmitters, epinephrine, norepinephrine (with Axelrod, Katz) |

Hans von Euler-Chelpin | (1873 - 1974) | biochemist | sugar fermentation, enzymes (with Harden) |

Martin Evans | (1941 - ) | geneticist | homologous recombination, gene targeting, knockout mice (with Capecchi, Smithies) |

(1937 - ) | astronomer | discovered many supernovae | |