Important scientists

 

E

 George Eastman

(1854 - 1932)  inventor  inventor of roll film for photography
 John Eccles (1903 - 1997)  neurophysiologist  synaptic transmission, neurotransmitters

 Arthur Eddington

(1992 - 1944)  astrophysicist  relativity supporter
 Gerald Edelman (1929 - )  biologist  immune system, antibody structure (with Porter)

 Thomas Edison

(1847 - 1931)  inventor  light bulb
 Robert Edwards (1925 - )  biologist  in vitro fertilization

 Paul Ehrlich

(1854 - 1915)  bacteriologist  pioneer of chemotherapy (with Mechnikov)
 Manfred Eigen (1927 - )  biophysicist  fast chemical reactions (with Norrish, Porter)

 Christiaan Eijkman

(1858 - 1930)  biochemist  co-discoverer of vitamins (with Hopkins)

 Albert Einstein

(1879 - 1955)  theoretical physicist  General and Special theories of relativity

 Willem Einthoven

(1860 - 1927)  physician  inventor of electrocardiograph

 Gertrude Elion

(1918 - 1999)  biochemist  developed many chemotherapeutic drugs (with Hitchings)
 Gustav Embden (1874 - 1933)  biochemist  glycolysis, Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway

 Empedocles

(490 - 430 BC)  philosopher  theory of 4 elements: earth, fire, air, water
 John Enders (1897 - 1985)  physician  culturing polio virus (with Robbins, Weller)

 Erastothenes

(276 - 195 BC)  mathematician, etc.  invented geography
 Joseph Erlanger (1874 - 1965)  physiologist  nerve fibers
 Richard Ernst (1933 - )  chemist  NMR spectrocsopy, MRI, Fourier transform
 Gerhard Ertl (1936 - )  physicist  surface science, catalytic converter
 Leo Esaki (1925 - )  physicist  electron tunnelling (with Giaever, Josephson), Esaki diode

 Euclid

(around 300 BC)  mathematician  father of geometry; Euclid's theorem

 Leonard Euler

(1707 - 1783)  mathematician  mathematical analysis, fluid dynamics
 Ulf von Euler (1905 - 1983)  pharmacologist  neurotransmitters, epinephrine, norepinephrine (with Axelrod, Katz)
 Hans von Euler-Chelpin (1873 - 1974)  biochemist  sugar fermentation, enzymes (with Harden)
 Martin Evans (1941 - )  geneticist  homologous recombination, gene targeting, knockout mice (with Capecchi, Smithies)

 Robert Evans

(1937 - )  astronomer  discovered many supernovae