Important scientists

 

C

 Santiago Cajal

(1852 - 1934)

 histologist  central nervous system microstructure, neuron theory (with Golgi)
 Melvin Calvin

(1911 - 1997)

 chemist  Calvin cycle, photosynthesis (with Bassham, Benson)

 Annie Cannon

(1863 - 1941)  astronomer  star classification
 Mario Capecchi

(1937 - )

 geneticist  homologous recombination, gene targeting, knockout mice (with Evans, Smithies)

 Chester Carlson

(1906 - 1968)  physicist  inventor of photocopier
 Arvid Carlsson

(1923 - )

 pharmacologist  dopamine, Parkinson's disease, signal transduction (with Greengard, Kandel)

 Wallace Carothers

(1896 - 1937)  chemist  inventor of nylon
 Alexis Carrel

(1873 - 1944)

 surgeon  organ transplantation

 Henry Cavendish

(1731 - 1810)  chemist  discovered water was formed from hydrogen and oxygen
 Thomas Cech

(1947 - )

 biochemist  tRNA catalysis*, ribozymes (with ), telomeres

 Anders Celsius

(1701 - 1744)  astronomer  proposed Celsius (centigrade) temperature scale

 James Chadwick

(1891 - 1974)  physicist  discovered neutron
 Ernst Chain (1906 - 1979)  biochemist  use of penicillin as medicine (see Fleming, Florey)
 Martin Chalfie

(1947 - )

 biochemist  green fluorescent protein (with Shimomura, Tsien)
 Owen Chamberlain

(1920 - 2006)

 physicist  antiprotons, sub-atomic particles, antiparticle (with Segré)
 Sub. Chandrasekar (1910 - 1995)  astrophysicist  stellar evolution, stellar structure (with Fowler)
 Jean-Martin Charcot

(1825 - 1893)

 neurologist  Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

 Erwin Chargaff

(1905 - 2002)  biochemist  DNA structure
 Jacques Charles (1746 - 1823)  physicist  Charles' Law of gas volume
 Georges Charpak

(1924 - )

 physicist  multiwire proportional chamber, particle detector
 Henri Le Chatelier (1850 - 1936)  chemist  Le Chatelier's principle
 Yves Chauvin

(1930 - )

 chemist  olefin metathesis (with Grubbs, Schrock)
 Pavel Cherenkov

(1904 - 1990)

 physicist  Cherenkov radiation (with Frank, Tamm)

 Naom Chomsky

(1928 - )  linguist  father of modern linguistics

 James Christy

(1938 - )

 astronomer  discovered Pluto
 Steven Chu

(1948 - )

 physicist  laser cooling (with Cohen-Tannoudji, Phillips)
 Aaron Ciechanover

(1947 - )

 biologist  ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation, proteasome (with Hershko, Rose)
 Graeme Clark

(1935 - )

 physician  hearing deficiency, cochlear implant
 Albert Claude

(1899 - 1983)

 biologist  cell fractionation, organelles, vacuole (with de Duve, Palade)

 Christopher Cockerell

(1910 - 1999)  engineer  inventor of hovercraft
 John Cockcroft

(1897 - 1967)

 physicist  nuclear fission, particle accelerator (with Walton)
 Stanley Cohen

(1922 - )

 biochemist  growth factors, NGF, EGF (with Levi-Montalcini)
 Claude Cohen-Tannoudji

(1933 - )

 physicist  laser cooling (with Chu, Phillips)

 Arthur Compton

(1892 - 1962)  physicist  Compton effect, electromagnetic radiation (with Wilson)

 Henry Conard

(1874 - 1971)  botanist  bryophytes

 Simon Conway Morris

(1951 - )  paleontologist  Burgess Shale fossils

 James Cook

(1728 - 1779)  explorer  discovered New Zealand

 Carleton Coon

(1904 - 1981)  anthropologist  origin of human races
 Leon Cooper

(1930 - )

 physicist  BCS theory, superconductivity (with Bardeen, Schrieffer)
 Martin Cooper (1928 - )  inventor  first practical mobile phone

 Edward Cope

(1840 - 1897)  paleontologist  discovered 1000 vertebrate species
 Nicolaus Copernicus (1473 - 1543)  early astronomer  Sun-centred universe (heliocentrism)
 Elias Corey

(1928 - )

 chemist  retrosynthetic analysis, organic synthesis
 Carl Cori

(1896 - 1984)

 biochemist  pituitary hormones, blood sugar, glycogen (with Houssay)
 Gustave de Coriolis (1792 - 1843)  mathematician  Coriolis effect (rotating deflection)
 Allan Cormack

(1924 - 1998)

 physicist  X-ray computed tomography (with Hounsfield)
 Eric Cornell

(1961 - )

 physicist  Bose-Einstein condensate (with Ketterle, Wieman)
 John Cornforth  (1917 - )  chemist  sterochemistry of enzyme reactions (with Prelog)
 Charles de Coulomb (1736 - 1806)  physicist  Coulomb's law of electrostatic attraction and repulsion
 André Cournand

(1895 - 1988)

 physiologist  cardiac catheterization (with Forssmann, Richards)
 Jacques Cousteau (1910 - 1997)  oceanographer  underwater wildlife filmer; aqualung
 Clyde Cowan

(1919 - 1974)

 physicist  neutrino, neutrino experiment (with Reines)
 Donald Cram

(1919 - 2001)

 chemist  host-guest chemistry (with Lehn, Pedersen), Cram's rule
 Henry Crampton (1875 - 1956)  paleontologist  land snails
 Francis Crick (1916 - 2004)  biochemist  co-discoverer of DNA structure (with James Watson)
 James Croll (1821 - 1890)  climatologist  climate change
 James Cronin

(1931 - )

 physicist  kaons, CP violation, sub-atomic particles (with Fitch)
 William Crookes (1832 - 1919)  chemist/physicist  vacuum (Crookes tube), discovered thallium, radiometer
 Paul Crutzen

(1933 - )

 chemist  atmospheric ozone depletion (with Molina, Rowland)
 Hugh Cuming (1791 - 1865)  naturalist  collector of snails/plants

 Marie Curie

(1867 - 1934)  physicist/chemist  discovered radioactivity (with Becquerel and husband Pierre)
 Robert Curl

(1933 - )

 chemist  fullerene (with Kroto, Smalley)

 Georges Cuvier

(1769 - 1832)  naturalist  started paleontology, comparative anatomy
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