Important scientists

 

B

 Walter Baade

(1893 - 1960)  astronomer  found asteroids and proposed size of universe
 Charles Babbage (1792 - 1871)  mathematician  inventor of programmable computer
 Francis Bacon (1561 - 1625)  philosopher  invented scientific methodology for experimentation

 Leo Baekeland

(1863 - 1944)  chemist  inventor of photographic paper and Bakelite
 Adolf von Baeyer (1835 - 1917)  chemist  indigo dye, phthalein dyes, barbituric acid

 John Logie Baird

(1888 - 1946)  engineer  first black/white TV and first colour TV
 David Baltimore (1938 - )  biochemist  reverse transcriptase (with Dulbecco, Temin)

 Joseph Banks

(1743 - 1820)  naturalist  Australian plant genuses, especially Banksia

 Frederick Banting

(1891 - 1941)  medical chemist  co-discoverer of insulin (with Best)
 Robert Barany (1876 - 1936)  physician  physiology, vestibular apparatus, inner ear

 John Bardeen

(1908 - 1991)  physicist  transistor (with Brattain, Shockley)

 BCS theory, superconductivity (with Cooper, Schrieffer)

 Charles Barkla (1877 - 1944)  physicist  X-ray spectroscopy

 Christian Barnard

(1922 - 2001)  surgeon  first live human heart transplant
 Franoise Barr-Sinoussi (1947 - )  virologist  retroviruses, HIV (with Montagnier)

 Daniel Barringer

(1860 - 1929)  geologist  discovered Meteor Crater
 Derek Barton (1918 - 1988)  chemist  conformational analysis (with Hassel)

 Otis Barton

(1899 - 1992)  marine biologist  designed bathysphere
 Nikolay Basov (1922 - 2001)  physicist  first usable maser (with Prokhorov, Townes)

 Georg Bauer

     see Georg Pawer

 William Bayliss

(1860 - 1924)  physiologist  discovered intestinal peristalsis and secretin hormone
 George Beadle (1903 - 1989)  geneticist  function of genes in metabolism (with Tatum)

 Johann Becher

(1635 - 1682)  early chemist  phlogiston theory of combustion

 Antoine Becquerel

(1852 - 1908)  chemist  discovered radioactivity (see also Curie)
 Johannes Bednorz (1950 - )  physicist  high temperature superconductivity, ceramics (with Mller)

 Charles Beebe

(1877 - 1962)  naturalist  suggested 4-winged dinosaur as origin of birds
 Emil von Behring (1854 - 1917)  physiologist  diphtheria, tetanus, bovine tuberculosis antiserum
 Georg von Bksy (1899 - 1972)  biophysicist  cochlea, inner ear

 Alexander Bell

(1847 - 1922)  engineer  designer of telephone
 John Bell (1928 - 1990)  physicist  quantum physics, Bell's Theorem
 Baruj Benacerraf (1920 - )  immunologist  major histocompatibility complex (with Dausset, Snell)

 Carl Benz

(1844 - 1929)  engineer  inventor of gasoline(petrol)-driven car
 Paul Berg (1926 - )  biochemist  nucleotide sequencing, nucleic acids (with Gilbert, Sanger)
 Friedrich Bergius (1884 - 1949)  chemist  Bergius process, synthetic fuel from coal (with Bosch)
 Sune Bergstrom (1916 - 2004)  biochemist  prostaglandins (with Samuelsson, Vane)

 Claude Bernard

(1813 - 1878)  physiologist  homeostasis; use of blind controls

 Tim Berners-Lee

(1955 - )  comp. engineer  inventor of World Wide Web

 Daniel Bernouilli

(1700 - 1782)  mathematician  fluid mechanics

 Jons Berzelius

(1779 - 1848)  chemist  discovered Si, Se, Th, Ce; law of constant proportions

 Henry Bessemer

(1813 - 1898)  engineer  mass-produced steel

 Charles Best

(1899 - 1978)  medical chemist  co-discoverer of insulin (with Banting)

 Hans Bethe

(1906 - 2005)  physicist  stellar nucleosynthesis, atom bomb project

 Alfred Binet

(1857 - 1911)  psychologist  developed IQ test
 Gerd Binnig (1947 - )  physicist  electron optics, electron microscope (with Rohrer)
 Michael Bishop (1936 - )  immunologist  retrovirus oncogenes, src gene (with Varmus)

 Vilhelm Bjerknes

(1862 - 1951)  meteorologist  weather forecasting

 Davidson Black

(1884 - 1934)  paleontologist  studied Peking man fossils
 James Black (1924 - 2010)  pharmacologist  beta blocker, propranolol, cimetidine

 Joseph Black

(1728 - 1799)  physician  discovered latent heat, specific heat and carbon dioxide

 Patrick Blackett

(1897 - 1974)  physicist  cloud chamber, cosmic rays, paleomagnetism
 Elizabeth Blackburn (1948 - )  biochemist  telomeres, telomerase (with Greider, Szostak)
 Gnter Blobel (1936 - )  biochemist  signal peptides, protein targeting
 Felix Bloch (1905 - 1983)  physicist  nuclear magnetic resonance (with Purcell), Bloch equations
 Konrad Bloch (1912 - 2000)  biochemist  cholesterol metabolism, fatty acid metabolism (with Lynen)
 Nicolaas Bloembergen (1920 - )  physicist  laser spectroscopy (with Schawlow, Siegbahn)
 Baruch Blumberg (1925 - )  physician  mechanism of infectious diseases, hepatitis B virus

 Franz Boas

(1858 - 1942)  anthropologist  father of modern anthropology
 Aage Bohr (1922 - 2009)  physicist  atomic nucleus (with Mottelson, Rainwater)

 Niels Bohr

(1885 - 1962)  physicist  atomic structure and quantum mechanics
 David Bohm (1917 - 1992)  physicist  quantum mechanics, Bohm diffusion (see also Aharonov)

 Ludwig Boltzmann

(1844 - 1906)  physicist  statistical and atomic theory, Boltzmann's constant
 George Boole (1815 - 1864)  mathematician  Boolean logic
 Jules Bordet (1870 - 1961) immunologist  Bordetella pertussis, immunology, complement

 Max Born

(1882 - 1970)  physicist  quantum mechanics
 Carl Bosch (1874 - 1940)  chemist  Haber-Bosch process or industrial nitrogen fixation (with Bergius)

 Satyendra Bose

(1894 - 1974)  physicist  Bose-Einstein statistics and condensate; boson

 Pierre Bouguer

(1698 - 1758)  mathematician  discovered Beer-Lambert's Law of light through atmosphere
 Walther Bothe (1891 - 1957)  physicist  coincidence method*, Compton effect, wave-particle duality
 Daniel Bovet (1907 - 1992)  pharmacologist  neurotransmitters, antihistamines
 Paul Boyer (1918 - )  biochemist  ATP synthesis (with Walker)

 Robert Boyle

(1627 - 1691)  physicist, chemist  Boyle's Law of gases
 Willard Boyle (1924 - )  physicist  CCD sensor (with Smith)
 Lawrence Bragg (1890 - 1971)  physicist  crystal structure by X-ray crystallography (with father Henry)

 Louis Braille

(1809 - 1852)  inventor  Braille reading technique for blind people

 Hennig Brand

(1630 -1710)  early chemist  discovered phosphorus and production of it
 Walter Brattain (1902 - 1987)  physicist  transistor (with Bardeen, Shockley), electronic surface states
 Karl Braun (1850 - 1918)  physicist  wireless telegraphy, diode rectifier, cathode ray tube (with Marconi)

 Werner von Braun

(1912 - 1974)  engineer  rocket expert
 Sydney Brenner (1927 - )  biologist  Caenorhabditis elegans neural development (with Horvitz, Sulston)
 Percy Bridgman (1882 - 1961)  physicist  high pressures, Bridgman seal, Bridgman's equations

 Derek Briggs

(unknown)  paleontologist  Burgess Shale fossils
 Bertram Brockhouse (1918 - 2003)  physicist  neutron scattering, condensed matter (with Shull)

 Louis-Victor de Broglie

(1892 - 1987)  physicist  wave theory of particles
 Johannes Brnsted (1879 - 1947)  physical chemist  proton theory of acid-base reactions
 Herbert Brown (1912 - 2004)  chemist  ylides, alkene synthesis (with Wittig)
 Michael Brown (1941 - )  geneticist  regulation of cholesterol steroid metabolism, LDL (with Goldstein)

 Robert Brown

(1773 - 1858)  botanist  Brownian motion, cell nucleus

 Isambard Brunel

(1806 - 1859)  engineer  ships, bridges, Great Western Railway

 Bernard Brunhes

(1867 - 1910)  geophysicist  geomagnetic reversal
 Eduard Buchner (1860 - 1917)  biochemist  fermentation, yeast
 Linda Buck (1947 - )  biologist  olfactory receptors, G-protein coupled receptors (with Axel)

 William Buckland

(1784 - 1856)  paleontologist  Megalosaurus, coprolites

 Edward Bullard

(1907 - 1980)  geophysicist  Earths magnetic field

 Luther Burbank

(1849 - 1926)  botanist  pioneer of agricultural botany
 Frank Burnet (1899 - 1985)  virologist  bacteriophage, immunology, immune tolerance (with Medawar)
 Adolf Butenandt (1903 - 1995)  biochemist  discovered female sex hormones (see also Ruička)

 Augusta Byron

(1815 - 1852)  mathematician  first computer programmer
      * no suitable Wiki reference found for this method